Dromedary Camel

STATUSLeast Concern

COMMON NAME (SCIENTIFIC NAME)Camelus dromedarius

DIETDry grasses and desert vegetation

RANGENorthern Africa

HABITATDesert, savanna

Dromedary Camel

The dromedary camel is also known as the Arabian camel. Dromedary camels exist today only as a domesticated animal. About 90 percent of the world’s camels are dromedaries.

Domesticated dromedary camels can be found throughout desert areas in North Africa and the Middle East. There is a feral population of dromedary camels living in Australia. These camels were imported in the 19th century as pack animals and were used to cross the desert regions in Australia.

The hump on their back does not store water like many people think. It is actually a fat reserve! This fat can be used as an energy source.

Fun Fact: Camels make a rumbling growl that was one of the noises used to create Chewbacca’s voice in the “Star Wars” movies.