COMMON NAME (SCIENTIFIC NAME)Lynx canadensis
DIETbirds, rodents, small deer, caribou fawns, and mountain sheep lambs
RANGECanada and the northern United States
HABITATMountains, forested areas and tundra
The Canada lynx is a medium-sized cat well adapted for life in the northern forests. Compared to the more common bobcat, a lynx is larger and has long black ear tufts, a black-tipped tail, and a flared facial ruff. With long legs and huge furry feet that act like snowshoes, a lynx can move tirelessly across deep snow.
Range: Much of Canada, from Newfoundland to the Yukon. In the USA, they are found in northern areas of many states including western Montana and in nearby parts of Idaho and Washington. There are small populations in New England and Utah.
Habitat: high elevations and mountainous, densely forested areas, but on occasion roam short distances onto the tundra above the tree line. Sometimes they are found in rocky areas.
Life Cycle/ Social Structure Lynx are usually solitary animals, but will occasionally travel together in small groups. Females with offspring, or siblings who have just separated from their mothers may travel and hunt together for several months before separating.
The main diet of the lynx is the snowshoe hare.