Raven

STATUSLeast Concern

COMMON NAME (SCIENTIFIC NAME)Corvus corax

DIETOmnivorous: the raven’s diet may vary widely on location and season. Common items include fruits, nuts, berries, insects, and small vertebrates as well as carrion and garbage. They are known scavengers; however, they are also effective hunters that will cooperate to take down larger prey.

RANGEAcross most of the Northern Hemisphere, including Asia, Europe, and North America

HABITATHighly adaptable- found in open fields and forests, high deserts, tundras, grasslands, and often near towns and cities

Raven

About: Entirely black, including the legs, eyes and beak. The common raven has a thick bill, shaggy throat feathers, slender and pointed wings and a wedge-shaped tail. Geographic location often is represented in the size of the bird. For example: ravens in warmer climates are smaller than ones in colder climates

Like other corvids, ravens are highly intelligent animals. They have been known to use tools to build nests, find food, and defend their territory.

Ravens are the world’s largest perching bird and North America’s largest songbird.

A flock of ravens is called an “unkindness.”

Ravens are very communicative and have been observed using over 30 different vocalizations. In close proximity to humans, ravens have been known to mimic car sounds, barking, and even human speech!

Life Cycle/ Social Structure

Juvenile birds begin courting at a very young age; however, they do not from a strong bond until 2 or 3 years of age. Courting behaviors consist of aerial acrobatics, demonstrations of intelligence, and providing food and nesting materials. Once paired, they tend to raise chicks together for life, often remaining in the same nesting location.

Females lay between 3 and 7 eggs and incubate them for approximately 20 days. Young fledge from 35 to 42 days and will stay with their parents for another six months before setting off on their own.