Solomon Islands Skink

STATUSNear Threatened


DIETFlowers, leaves, shoots, and fruits

RANGESolomon Islands

HABITATTropical rainforests, dry forests

Solomon Islands Skink

Physical Description

Solomon Island Skinks are typically up to 32 inches long with half of that body length being their tail. Their scales can be green but are usually speckled with light-brown or black. They have long, slender bodies and short front legs.


Predators they may encounter include birds of prey, snakes, and rats.


They live an average of 25-30 years.


Breeding occurs in the spring. They are ovoviviparous, which means that the female produces eggs she carries and hatches internally and gives live birth. Gestation lasts for 6-8 months and results in typically 1 offspring though twins are sometimes possible. Offspring will stay with the mother for up to 6 months and may be defended by both parents.

Fun Facts

  • The Solomon Island skink is also known as the prehensile-tailed skink or monkey-tailed skink. This is the largest species of skink and the only known skink species with a prehensile tail.
  • They are primarily arboreal and rely on their tail for grasping tree branches and helping to maintain balance and will sometimes form groups called a circulus.

Conservation Messaging

In our Reptile and Amphibian (RAD) center you will find many different reptiles and amphibians including venomous and poisonous species of snakes and frogs. Many of these animals fall victim to habitat loss in the wild. Many of the species here are found in South American habitats which are subjected to deforestation, damming of rivers, water pollution, and poor agricultural and management practices.

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