COMMON NAME (SCIENTIFIC NAME)Canis lupis baileyi
DIETElk, white-tailed deer, mule deer, javelinas, rabbits, ground squirrels, and mice.
RANGEArizona, New Mexico, and Mexico
HABITATMountain woodlands, grasslands, and scrublands
Mexican gray wolves are the smallest gray wolf subspecies in North America and are approximately half of the size of the North American gray wolf. Males are slightly larger than females. Despite the name “gray” wolf, their coats are a mix of gray, rust, brown, black and cream. They tend to have darker colored backs and lighter colored bellies.
Range: Historic Range: Western Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Utah and Mexico. Current Range: re- introduced into areas of Arizona , New Mexico and the Sierra Madre Occidentalis in Mexico.
Diet: elk, white-tailed deer, and mule deer, as well as javelinas, rabbits, ground squirrels, and mice.
Life Cycle/ Social Structure Mexican gray wolves are social animals and live in packs, usually with an alpha breeding pair and their offspring. Mating season is between mid-February to mid-March and after a 63-day gestation period, a litter of 4 – 7 pups is born blind and helpless. The subordinates in the pack will help raise the pups, who will become mature at 10 months of age. Wolves communicate through scent-marking, body language and vocalizations, including howling.