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Program and General Information
Woma pythons are a non-venomous constrictor species. Like other snakes they have the Jacobson’s organ in their mouth for smelling. These adaptations help to make them very successful nocturnal hunters even though they have poor eyesight. Even though they are constrictors, when hunting prey in small tight burrow spaces, the Woma python will use a portion of its body and crush its prey against the wall of the burrow in order to kill it. During the day, these pythons can be found residing in hollow logs, burrows or thick vegetation. This species has a unique way to travel across hot sands; it will lift parts of its body off the ground and move forward.
Common Physical Features
They are generally light brown-green and black in color, with a tan-yellow underbelly. Adults can range from 4.5 to over 6 feet in length. Males tend to be smaller than females. The scales around the eyes are usually a darker color than the rest of the head. This species also lacks the heat sensing pits of all other pythons.
Habitat and Global Range
This species is found in the Australian interior, from central Australia into the south-western edge of Queensland, and into northern South Australia. They mainly inhabit grasslands, shrub land and woodlands.
They primarily prey upon small mammals, ground birds and lizards.
Behavior and Life Cycle
Mating occurs from May to August and between 5 and 19 eggs are deposited between September and October. Oviparous with 5-20 eggs per clutch. Females remain coiled around their eggs until they hatch, with the incubation period lasting 2–3 months. An adult female that is about 4–5 years old and 5 feet (about 1.5 m) in total length will usually lay about 11 eggs.
- Their genus name Aspidites is translated into shield bearer in relative to the symmetrically shaped head scales.
- The specific name, ramsayi, comes from Australian zoologist Edward Pierson Ramsay
- The Woma Python eats many species of Australia’s most venomous snakes and is actually immune to venomous snake bites.
The Woma python’s population have been affected by habitat loss due to agriculture and grazing. Habitat loss affects population sizes by removing the Woma python’s shelter and food sources, particularly small mammals and reptiles. Introduction of new predator species, such as foxes, has also led to a decline in population sizes.
The Woma Python provides the opportunity to talk about a variety of conservation messages. One message to give is: research before you buy a pet. These animals are very common in the pet industry and many people associate them as good pets.